Keanekaragaman dan Hubungan Kemiripan Kultivar Kelengkeng (Dimocarpus Longan Lour.) di Kecamatan Binangun Kabupaten Cilacap

SALSABILA, Salsabila (2017) Keanekaragaman dan Hubungan Kemiripan Kultivar Kelengkeng (Dimocarpus Longan Lour.) di Kecamatan Binangun Kabupaten Cilacap. Skripsi thesis, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman.

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Abstract

Longan (Dimocarpus longan Lour.) is a plant from native southeastern Asia which is one of the sapindaceae family. Longan has two variation of the longan, there are longan local and import. In some areas of Indonesia, has been cultivated longan like Batu longan and Kopyor longan. Moreover, longan import is cultivated such as Diamond River, Pingpong, and Itoh. The increase of the diversity on longan is indicated that the variation form of fruits, the physical appearance of leaf color and the peel of fruit color. This research is aimed to know the diversity of longan cultivars and also the similarities cultivars in Binangun Regency, Cilacap. The method of this research is used the measurement method and also uses the technique of Purposive Random Sampling in 5 villages. There are Binangun, Pasawahan, Alangamba, Pasuruhan, and Kemojing village. The observations of parameters are morphological characters, the stem, leaves, flower, fruit, and seeds from each cultivar longan. The data uses descriptive method to know diversity. The similarity which has analyzed method UPGMA (Unweighted Pair Group Method with Arithmetic Mean) with software MEGA (Molecular Evolutionary Genetic Analysis) version 5.05. The result of this research in Binangun Regency, Cilacap have retrived 8 cultivars longan namely Dimocarpus longan ‘Itoh’, D.longan ‘Pingpong’, D.longan ‘Diamond river’, D.longan ‘Hawaii’, D.longan ‘Merah’, D.longan ‘Kuantong’, D.longan ‘Kinglong’, and D.longan ‘Aroma durian’. The relation of similar is on the longan cultivar D.longan ‘Itoh’ and D.longan ‘Diamond river’ with the index dissimilarities 0.222, whereas the relationship between the long distance resemblance cultivar D.longan ‘Pinpong’ and D.longan ‘Hawaii’ with index dissimilarities 0.556. distinguishing cultivar longan 4 seen in the form of the heading, the color of the stem, leaf, and seed color.

Item Type: Thesis (Skripsi)
Nomor Inventaris: B18010
Uncontrolled Keywords: Longan (Dimocarpus longan Lour.), Diversity, The Relation of Similarity, Cilacap
Subjects: F > F407 Fruit
P > P330 Plants Anatomy
Divisions: Fakultas Biologi > S1 Biologi
Depositing User: Mr BAYU Ananda
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2021 08:42
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2021 08:42
URI: http://repository.unsoed.ac.id/id/eprint/7248

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